UNderstanding the MEchanisms, NAture, MAgnitude and Impact of Sexual violence in Belgium

The UN-Menamais project aims to contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms, nature, magnitude and impact of sexual violence on female, male and transgender victims, their peers, offspring, professionals and society in Belgium and generate policy recommendations and prevention and response strategies.

ACRONYM: UN-MENAMAIS

Contract Number:  BR/175/A5/UN-MENAMAIS

Budget:1.500.000 euros

Duration of the project: 15/01/2017-15/04/2021

Source of funding: Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN be)

Description of the project:

Source of funding : http://www.belspo.be/

Funding Program: Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN be)

Description of the project:

Background Sexual violence (SV) is a major public health, judicial and societal concern in Belgium. A comparative and representative study of SV in Belgium is still lacking. SV may induce long lasting sexual, reproductive, physical and mental ill-health affecting the victim and his/her peers, offspring and community. People exposed to violence during childhood are susceptible to subsequent (re)victimization, perpetration and maladaptive parental practices, which contributes to the intergenerational transmission of violence. The complex mechanisms behind coping behaviours as well as the effectiveness of response measures to all genders has not been studied. At political level in Belgium, the current national action plan on violence advocates a holistic management of SV victims. Furthermore, a new Ministerial Guideline on the Sexual Aggression Set (SAS) has just been issued while Sexual Assault Care Centres (SACC) are being piloted. The recent transfer of competences to the regions reorganises the judicial landscape. Hence the necessity to conduct a Belgian representative prevalence SV study examining all vulnerabilities to victimisation and perpetration.

The UN-MENAMAIS project aims to reach 5 objectives:

  • Objective 1 Map how citizens and migrant residents in Belgium aged 16 -100 years, with different sexual orientations, frame SV.
  • Objective 2 Explore to what extent the research population has been exposed to sexual victimisation and perpetration since childhood. We study experiences of victims, perpetrators, peers and family of different generations.
  • Objective 3 Map indicatory pathways of how this exposure impacted the lives of victims, their family and peers and professionals they contacted for assistance.
  • Objective 4 Map the historical social and technical construction of the SAS and its impact on current and future forensic sexual assault practices performed by professionals.
  • Objective 5 Formulate recommendations for future policies and practices concerning SV in Belgium and provide sensitization scripts.

 

Promotors 

Researchers

  • Luc Robert, Ph.d., DO criminology, NICC.
  • Caroline Stappers, MSc, DO criminology, NICC
  • Lotte De Schrijver, MSc, International Centre for Reproductive health, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University.
  • Joke Depraetere, MSc, Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy, Department of Criminology, Criminal Law and Social Law, Ghent University.
  • Anne Nobels, MD, International Centre for Reproductive health, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University.
  • Adina Cismaru Inescu, MSc, Panel Démographie Familiale, University of Liège.

  • LEMONNE A., RENARD B., KEYGNAERT I., VANDEVIEVER CH., VANDER BEKEN T., NISEN L., NOBELS A., DE SCHIJVER L., DEPRAETERE J., INESCU A., STAPPERS C., ROBERT L. (2018). UN-MENAMAIS: Une meilleure compréhension des mécanismes, de la nature, de l’importance et de l’impact des violences sexuelles en Belgique, poster présenté lors du XVIe colloque de l’Association internationale des criminologues de langue française (AICLF), Lausanne, 4-5 juin 2018.
  • RENARD B, LEMONNE A. (2018.) Deux modèles de prise en charge médico-légale des victimes d’abus sexuel sous la loupe- indifférence institutionnelle et négation d’un traitement différentiel des catégories de victimes, XVIe colloque de l’Association internationale des criminologues de langue française (AICLF), Lausanne, 4 juin 2018.